WorldChanging contributor and sustainable development consultant Alan AtKisson has intriguing news from that Scandinavian country formerly known as the world's most successful welfare state. The recent electoral victory by a center-right coalition resulted in many predictions of a swift turn to Milton Friedmanism in Sweden. But take a look at one of the first major decisions by the new government, says AtKisson -- the reinstitution of a congestion tax in Stockholm. Since members of the coalition campaigned against the tax, and since in a referendum on the tax held at the same time as the general election the majority of voters who lived outside of Stockholm voted against it, the decision came as a bit of a surprise.
Why the change of heart? Simple, really. A trial of the tax conducted for six months earlier this year resulted in lower traffic and cleaner air. Then, after the the trial ended, congestion started to build up again. So, in other words, the tax worked. And in Sweden, whether you're on the right or the left, you like things that work.
The government's plan is to devote revenue from the tax to completing a ring road around the city, which is disappointing to environmentalists. But in the meantime, notes a report on the trial, one in five new cars purchased in Stockholm this spring was a "clean car" -- running at least partially on electricity or alcohol -- and thus exempt from the congestion tax.
Perhaps the most telling stat: At the start of the trial, 55 percent of Stockholm residents opposed it. But after a few months sans traffic jams and breathing cleaner air, only 41 percent were against it. Which in turn suggests that the world could really be made a better, cleaner place, if we just bit the bullet and made people pay for the pollution they cause.
It is interesting to note that people do like clean air and are willing to pay for it. When I was in Stockholm for the EEA meeting a couple of years ago I thought they city was amazingly clean and the air appeared postively rural in quality. Then again, I was living in Manchester at the time.
The UK government should look at this experiment in Sweden closely.