Sunday, March 30, 2008

U.S. Climate Policy Developments

There are only so many over hyped and biased newspaper articles one can read about US climate change policy.

For an academic perspective:

U.S. Climate Policy Developments

Date: 2007-10-31

By: Toshi Arimura (Resources for the Future)
Dallas Burtraw
Alan J. Krupnick
Karen L. Palmer


This paper outlines recent developments in U.S. climate policies. Although the United States does not participate in the Kyoto Mechanism, a number of climate policies are being implemented at state level as well as at the federal level. First, we report and compare the federal cap and trade proposals in the 110th Congress. Then, the paper illustrates the current situations of state level climate policies, such as the Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative in the northeastern states or AB32 in California. We analyze these proposals from the viewpoint of technology policies and impacts on international markets. It is found that technology policies play important roles in the cap and trade proposals and that there is a great expectation for carbon capture and sequestration (CCS) technology. In terms of the impacts on international markets, several federal proposals as well as regional programs permit trading in international markets. As emission targets become more stringent in the future, U.S. GHG emitters are more likely to interact with these markets. Thus, despite the lack of U.S. participation in the Kyoto Protocol, U.S. markets will be linked to foreign markets, at least, in an indirect way.

Keywords: United States, climate policy, cap and trade, the Kyoto mechanism, technology policy
JEL: K32 Q48 Q54 Q58


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